Scientific Study of UFOs
Mahmoud E. Yousif
The unidentified flying objects (UFOs) represent one of the most contentious issues in human history, it had generated great debates between three groups of people, 1- Supporters: composed of those claimed to have sighted them. 2- Rejecters: composed of government agents and those influenced by government propaganda. 3- Wiser and sympathizers: who felt UFOs should have a chance of scientific study.
Presently, census in
Great questions were asked, related to universe starts, and collapse, between these extremes, there are our existence, and presence in this planet earth, how to protect, develop and make it much better place for coming generations, while others concerned concentrated in only, how to live a better lives without caring even for their neighbors.
Past five decades of accumulated UFOs literatures, had showed that, UFOs subject is diverse and related to most of above aspects, thus awareness of which is becoming a criteria for society's advancement.
What is the reaction of a society when confronted with UFO sighting? Comparing some individuals reactions, showed how terrified when sighted UFO!
If UFOs are Aliens material objects, how can we expect them, with unimaginable feelings differences, to make normal approaches and communication with us? While we human beings with our relative great backwardness regardless of small differences, still have great sense of prestige related to racial differences, in dealing among ourselves, with communications always limited to our related needs.
Therefore, our messages as UFOs researchers, are among others is to enlighten the public about the UFOs issues, and breach the gap between the main stream science and the Ufology, and above all to spread the message of humanity.
This study is aiming at, clarifying the scientific methods and the role of Ufology within the scientific establishment, through some arguments showing the depth at which UFOs lay, it also aiming at re-interpreting UFOs photographs and the time line of major past human achievements including UFOs sightings, in order to prove UFOs existence, and lay down foundation for coming great scientific transformations, when UFOs propulsion system is replicated.
2:0 What is Science?
The ward Science, is from the Latin ward scientia, or the knowledge, Science is defined as "a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as the organized body of knowledge gained through such research". This defnition is termed pure science to differentiate it from applied science, "which is the application of scientific research to specific human needs" .
A similar definition for science is that, it is:
"Any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena and that entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation, In general, a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws" .
3:0 What is the UFOs?
UFOs stands for Unidentified Flying Objects, it was coined by a U.S. Air Force officer in 1951 , it can simply be defined as: "The sighting by an individual or group of people, of imaginary or materialistic, moving or stationary or landed objects, sometimes accompanied with Alliance, all of which are strange in shape and behavior to present scientific and technological level of understanding and advancement, ".
UFOs general waves of concerns started in 1947, by the famous sighting of
Kenneth Arnold of nine objects in formation, during his flight near
Researchers showed, neither UFOs nor the term saucer was new, because a Taxes farmer described a dark flying object he had seen on January 24, 1878 as a "large saucer" .
Further, it was discovered, that UFO was seen before 3500 years by the Pharaoh Thutmose III, circa1504-1450 B.C. [5, 7], while the oldest, sources of wingless flight, are the records of the Indian and Tibetan monasteries .
Between that deep history and present days, thousands of sightings were recorded and sometimes drawn in caves and paintings; the only different is that, each description carries the terminology of that specific era. Or in another form, it represents the cultural levels of an era.
4:0 Then what is scientific method?
The process of investigating specific phenomenon, have developed with human developments, where procedural standard had been developed, which are known as the scientific method, where a scientists is obliged to follow in order to investigate certain subject.
The beginning of the modern scientific method was laid out by people like Abu Ali Al-Hasan Ibn Al-Haytham "Alhazen" (965-1039), Robert Grosseteste (1168-1253) and Roger Bacon (c. 1220-c. 1292) who made the mathematical and experimental methods the key to natural science and René Descartes (1596-1650), methodically doubt knowledge based on authority, the senses, and reason [2, 3].
From works of these scientists and others, the scientific method was developed, which could be defined as "seeks to explain the complexities of nature in a replicable way, and to use these explanations to make useful predictions. It provides an objective process to find solutions to problems in a number of scientific and technological fields . [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_of_science].
5:0 Why UFO is not recognized by Official Scientific Establishments?
Through human history, great efforts were made to developed and modify life styles by studying nature and related surrounding environment.
That was accompanied with studies of human existence in this planet and the power that could have initiated that creation.
Till medieval, it was natural to join both the study of metaphysical and physical world, but when state was separated from religion, scientists found great freedom in expressing their idea, without fear of condemned by religious establishment, as Galileo Galilei and Copernican theory in 1633 .
On the other hand, since science was mainly defined as "Any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena" , many scientists regarded UFOs sights, claimed by some, merely outside that definition, that it is not a natural phenomenon, therefore represents metaphysical phenomena, and not to be linked again!
Linking that with Einstein theory of relativity, which limits speed of moving bodies, in approaching light speed, due to great increases in body mass with required energy (as understood by present level of science) to propel that enormous mass. Even scientists who believed possibility of Aliens existence, like SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Inelegance) group, they denied UFOs existence, preferring to detect Aliens communications, or messages to universe inhabitants and sending them messages using radio telescope from parabolic sets of dishes .
Obscurities and strange
Other scientists, rejected UFOs merely because of the final recommendation of Condon Report, prepared by Condon Committee, chaired by the well known physics Dr. Edward Uhler Condon in 1966, (several universities rejected that offer, among which Harvard and Columbia ) the committee concluded in December 1968 that ''UFOs were not of significance for scientific study" , while Dr. Condon's own "Conclusions and Recommendations" firmly rejected the extraterrestrial hypothesis (ETH) and declared that no further investigation was needed . The Condon Committee report suggested "The program of education (of Robertson Panel) never gotten off the ground" thus consciously or unconsciously they determined not only the materialistic and environmental advantages that could emerged from such studies, but also the genuine possible existence of Aliens in our atmosphere and types of relations that could be established.
Although the committee admits that there are many sightings left unexplained, but it took the above recommendations, forcing some scientists and engineers, notably Dr. James E. McDonald, a University of Arizona (Tucson) meteorologist, and Dr. J. Allen Hynek, a Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.) astronomer, to conclude that "a small percentage of the most reliable UFO reports gave definite indications of the presence of extraterrestrial visitors" [3, 9], Dr. McDonald described Condom investigation as "completely superficial and carried out with low level of scientific competence" .
In private conversations in 1967, Dr. Vallee heard Prof. Condon, expressing the view that "Study of UFO was a waste of time not because the problem didn't exist but because it was outside the realm of science". 
Some scientists felt dismay with the hasty outcomes of Condon Report, others started classifying UFOs as part of metaphysics and cults, particularly with the materialistic trends in USA of getting money and fame, thus funny groups and cults emerged , with strange claims and attitudes, this factor degraded UFOs reputation, hence avoided and disgraced by scientific establishments and scientists.
Scientific institutions impression about UFOs, was reflected by Professor Peter Sturrock, of Space Science at Stanford University in California, who summarized why not studying anomalies :
1- Your friends may doubt your judgment.
2- You may lose the respect of some of your colleagues.
3- You will get no funding.
4- You will have difficulty publishing your work.
5- Your boss may think you are wasting your time.
6- And if you don't have tenure doesn't even consider it.
On long run, he showed that the gray area of science is the crucial one, giving five benefits of succeeding in making breakthrough, they are:
1- You will learn much about the scientific process.
2- You will learn much about scientists.
3- You may – perhaps without knowing it – start a scientific revolution.
4- You may, conceivably, discover something you can patent.
5- And above all, you may be honored – posthumously.
The last five points, as they are attractive and encouraging, but who could dare breaking the first six barriers, to live in disreputable states? As can be tell by any Ufologist! UFOs is very rich field, it contains diverse intellectual challenges, to be uncovered, and it also required great courage, to overcome various negative challenges and surrounding environments.
6:0 Principles of the Physical science and UFOs Challenges:
The most important field that has brought present changes in human progress and prosperities is the physics, because it deals with properties and behaviors of matters and bodies under influence of forces, the origin and characteristics of these forces and possible implementation for human usage, thus great expectations could be yields from this field.
Most physicists worked with great determinations to resolve the nature and relations between fundamental particles and forces controlling their behaviors guided by the quantum mechanics, without success.
As quantum mechanics becomes the driving force behind present researches aiming at achieving the revolutionary breakthrough in alternative renewable energy and propulsion system, one may ask, for how long dose humanity is willing to wait for that expectation?
In this context, dose quantum mechanics was imaginative creation to predict an invention, or merely constructed to resolve cases?
If it is the later, it may require readjusting itself periodically with every experimental development, thus it may not be able to predict new developments, rather waiting new experimental results to be explained in accordance with new mathematics and readjustments in quantum mechanics. Developments of new ideas and innovative inventive within such loop of complicated mathematical building blocks, couldn't be expected from such physical science.
Such attitude, has led to closed mind approaches towards issues such as the strong force, fundamental particles, energization of charged particles, the fusion quest and the expected renewable alternative energy, these and others were core of scientific problems during the past eight decades, without any prospects for solutions.
Many scientists privately express great interests in UFOs contradicting their public attitudes, and institutions are secretly working to discover the UFOs propulsion system  using fundamental physics based on quantum mechanics, as established that : "The roles of physical scientist, are to reveal the most basic constituents and the laws that govern them; and, to discover techniques for elucidating the peculiar features that arise from complexity of structure without having recourse each time to the fundamentals"
It was odd that, Prof. Condon, one of the leading specialists in Quantum Mechanics, with book and papers in the subject, could have been given the task to study UFOs, which is based on alternative physics, contrary to Quantum Mechanics.
Since the present fundamental physics had failed to resolve major earlier mentioned questions in physics, therefore, the scientific establishments must re-check possibilities of alternative or duality theory to quantum mechanics, whether in present existed theories, or encouraging theoretical scientists to carry out researches for these possibilities instead of closing minds and innovations, hence depicted like the Emperor's New Clothes impressions is .
Therefore, we should not expects or wait that UFOs issues to be resolved by the present scientific establishments, not because of recognitions, rather because UFOs propulsion mechanism is based on completely different fundamental physics, bases of which is shown in: The Magnetic Interaction Hypothesis (MIH), Elements of Magnetic Lines of Force (EMLF), The Spinning Magnetic Force (SMF), The Universal Energies (UE) and the proposed External Magnetic Fields and Propulsion System (ExMF-PS).
7: Criterion for scientific theory and UFOs Studies
The criterion for a scientific theory, requires that "it must not simply pass such experimental tests as may be applied but that it must be formulated in such a way that falsification is in principle possible .
When such theory passes through testes of verifications, the concern of the scientist "should be in convincing himself and his critical colleagues that a hypothesis has passed enough tests to make it worth accepting until a better one presents itself" .
The process to attain such theory, undergo many process, which could be summarized in following points:
1- Observations of behaviors, which was developed in past human history, it can be divided into five types:
a. Observational science like astronomy, where the phenomena studied lie entirely outside the control of the observer.
b. Observation through experimental science such as mechanics or optics, where the investigator sets up the arrangement to his own taste.
c. Observation while comparing with mathematical deduction of results of measurement, as the studies of Galileo Galilei,.
d. Observation linked with imaginative action, used by Isaac Newton in his observation of earth and planets leading to his law of universal gravitation.
e. Pure imaginative observations for different causes of govern force, used by Albert Einstein to derive the Special and General Relativities.
2- Data recording.
3- Analyzing and relating data.
4- Establishing a general mechanism for the system.
5- Formulating laws govern functionality of the system.
6- Laying out hypothesis that could be replicable for that system.
7- The experimental stages for that system.
Such criteria, as it represents the recognizable procedures for establishment of scientific theory, it also shows the needs for stimulus or motivator that may initiate a study, or the observable subject. As UFOs aren't repeatable, not witnessed by anybody (based on probabilities) they also contain many variables, but as the materialistic definition of UFO concerns, witnessing a UFO sighting, contains main two main elements, they are:
The external materialistic
constituency, of the object, as sighted: Including the technological
characteristics and descriptions, such as the shape, color, any emission or
sparks, any beam of light, odor, spin, electromagnetic effects, type of noise, any
heat, behaviors and any presence of
2- The internal physiological reaction: The transformed state of mind resulted from the sighting, although varies between persons, it shows itself in form of astonishment, fear, scaring, and
Since UFOs sighting can't be attend or created at will, therefore it is left to conditions determined by the above two main elements, (with possibility of others), hence, these elements together, caused various amount of impressions and distortions to the witness, at certain level it distorted personal conception, to take a photo for example, even when carrying a camera, leave alone forming rational observational attitude towards the phenomenon. These and others had complicated and distorted, the UFOs phenomena, never less, these elements constitutes ideal factors for UFOs study.
These elements can further be divided, into several branches of science, each may be designated for studies using the scientific criteria, as mentioned, and therefore UFOs can be studied by several scientific fields, each using the same criteria mentioned above, to reach to specific conclusions.
Attempts were done by carry these studies on individual bases, it succeeded in showing UFOs diversities, but it was more or less a natural selection process rather than an organized method.
8:0 Dose the scientific method applied to UFOs?
The definition of science given by Wikepedia as "a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as the organized body of knowledge gained through such research", this definition, gives room for UFOs included in the mainstream of scientific studies, a French Astronomer once said "No problem is scientific or unscientific by nature, but only by the way in which it is approached" . The researches carried by people like M. K. Jessup, Dr. Jacques Vallee, Dr. J. Allen Hynek, John Spencer, Erich von Daniken, Edward Aspole, Dr. Bruce Maccabee, the authors, and tens other individuals and organizations, represents wealth of information, it lay out the bases for UFOs scientific study, these researches aimed at:
1- Data collection, observed by witness claimed to have sighted UFOs.
2- Classification and filtrations of sightings (data).
3- Analysis of data.
4- Relating data to each others.
5- Seeking rational understanding to these data.
6- Forming theory about the origin of UFOs.
7- Forming theory about the propulsion system of UFOs.
Researches of the above were carried out using the scientific methods, already defined by mainstream science. Results of these researches were enormous and marvelous, but it failed to convince the scientific establishment, world political body and decision making about the truth and importance of studying UFOs, leaving alone recognizing it as part of human history that had greatly affected our past, still affecting our present and will change our future destines.
9:0 What is the final aims and goals from the scientific studies of UFOs?
Decades after Condon Report, UFOs sightings persists in thousands, our Kampala sighting was a peculiar, as it showed an entry (or re-entry) of spaceship into our hemisphere, it partially constitute an evidence for Extraterrestrials visitations to the planet, which required to be taken seriously by humanity, thus with the core objectives of science, that "a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws" , carrying out by the scientific establishments and scientists, therefore it becomes a duty and moral obligation to investigate and find proper answers to the UFOs enigma, that had spread among the public, combined with both earlier mentioned elements, creating imaginary links between living science and myth, thus the essence of such obligation constitute the moral motivation for human advancements, which formed the scientific idealism towards the Absolute Truth.
Till the establishment of such international interests for World UFO Disclosure Campaign, and since "scientific inquiry becomes possible when the phenomenon under study exhibits patterns and regularities, when it is subject to classification" , present scientists and Ufologists should start works in coordination towards developing scientific enquiries, classified into certain fields and subjects of studies. The specific aims of both present scientists and the international efforts, is to lay proper foundation, for future human coexistences based on the findings of these scientific investigations, which should be designated to study different aspects of UFOs, and the consequences it may have on both humanity and environment, the proposed fields and subjects of studies are:
1- Physics: What is the nature, origin and of fundamental physics that could supports UFOs propulsion system?
2- Technology: How the above studies could be used to replicate UFOs propulsion system.
3- History: History of the past UFOs existence on this planet.
4- Earth Science: What effects alternative renewable energy, such as intense magnetic fields, based on ionized charged particles (electrons), striped from oxygen and Nitrogen (1st level electrons) may have on air constituency and world environment?
5- Philosophy: What ideological trends do UFOs have affected earth activities.
6- Social Science: What impacts dose the UFOs have on present human affaires?
7- Environmental Managements: How such new type of energy could help improving present environmental degradations, and what are the negative side effects of such energy on our planet?
8- Military Science: To study consequences of UFOs discovery on human inter- military relations.
9- Political Science-International Relations: To study the impact of UFOs discovery on international human relations.
10- Astronomy: To study and disclosed evidence of past UFOs presence on this planet, and to lay out detective methods in collaborations with others.
11- Biology and Medicine: To study different measures of protections from intense magnetic fields, and the best ways to protect human and living organs.
12- Economics Science: To study the impacts of discovered UFOs and alternative energy on present human economical activities.
13- Agricultural Science: To study effects of factors, such as, intense magnetic fields, ionized molecules and particles on agricultural environments.
Science: To study possible
Outcome of such study should be designated for humanity prosperity, no country, individual, groups or companies posses any moral authority to control, or direct, without prior recommendation and acceptance of international authorities. Everything should be left to experts who may recommend to the United Nations (UN) or an international authority, the best ways to manage and administrate results of such outcomes.
10:0 Scientific-UFOs: Re- Interpreting UFOs Photos:
Based on these arguments, this site had suggested new approach for the fundamental physics, developed to invent the External Magnetic Fields Propulsions System (EXMF-PS), as a replicate to UFOs propulsion system, probability of success for that suggestion represents very high percentage, while unknown factor is so small!
In that line, there are genuine evidences and proves for UFOs presence and detection, need highlighted, using different techniques, which may help in shading more lights to these evidence.
Among the evidence are some of best UFOs photos ever taken by innocent people, who found themselves at right places and time, while carrying cameras, they were undistorted by both elements earlier mentioned and remembering to use them.
Finally, since scientists never claim absolute knowledge of nature or the behavior of the subject of the field of study , till a fram for an Asolute Truth (AT) is established, and that even the most basic and fundamental theories may turn out to be imperfect if new observations are inconsistent with them , therefore our efforts and others towards UFOs phenomenon is aiming to establish that Truth.
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Frank and Dava Sobel 1993, Is Any One Out There? Pocket Book,
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THE UFO PHENOMENA, Headline Publishing,
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Challenge To Science, Ballantine Books,