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Mahmoud E. Yousif




What is the propulsion mechanism behind the Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs)? And on what science is it based?

That same question was asked by others, the search for that answer was conducted from the present fundamental physics, or how can we explain these Symposiums conducted by NATO to study different mechanisms of aurora? [1].

If UFOs are driven by aurora related mechanisms, with curvature structures, can it be decoded to give meaningful interpretation using present fundamental physics?
It is strange that with the present great developments in quantum mechanics, and technological achievements, the present scientific knowledge about aurora mechanisms is too faint, for instance, how do the low energy solar winds suddenly increased to such enormous energies at the magnetosphere boundary? [2, 3] Failure to understand this has led to the present failure to exploit natural Universal Energies.

That same aurora is known and seen to manifest itself in different forms of curvatures, with names reflecting that such as, arc, band, Coronal and corona [4], others takes the fan shaped corona of geomagnetic field [5]. It is also known that aurora takes the form and curvature of low geomagnetic fields [4, 6], and that aurora light is due to some mechanism related to the presence of enormous amounts of electrons and protons (charged particles) around these fields [6]. With occurrence of aurora on earth and Jupiter [7] therefore, it could be a universal phenomenon that may posess a fundamental and natural mechanism.

On the other hand, there is a need for more clarification in the realm of fundamental physics regarding the nature and mechanisms of magnetic forces, atomic structure, nucleus binding force, formation of neutrons, disintegration of neutrons and etc ... Similarly, the role of magnetic force in bonding electrons with proton in the nucleus is confused, as too the fusion quest! Let alone the question of subatomic particles?

Answers to these and other questions, can help in the understanding of the curvature aurora, which could open a new dimensions for the required energies, but since these answers have not been seriously addressed these questions will remain unanswered. On the other hand, QM closed many doors for other alternatives, while at the same time by considering UFOs witnessed in the sky as a bad dream or a hallucination, or at best, regard as enigmas that continually challenge the scientific world [8].

The present foundation of physics developed by Quantum Mechanics interpretations, was based on mathematical arrangements for the natural phenomena, it has reached its maximum ability in explaining past and present experimental phenomena. These mathematical manipulations can’t allow for an invention that can fulfill future human needs, because it lost touch with nature when it developed for itself assumptions that were based on probabilities rather than discovering the true mechanisms of the natural microscopic world, and because nobody question whether nature so complicated in performing its tasks? Nobody except the great Einstein of course! [9].

Present situation forced some caring scientist, while advocating for present new researches to state that "it will take a more open minded scientific community than the present one to even consider the reality of what has been thus far reported" [10].





1- McCormac, B. M. and Anders Omholt 1971 Atmospheric Emission, Proceeding of NATO Advanced Study Institute held at the Agricultural College of Norway, Ås, Norway July 29 – August 9, 1968, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company 1969, New York.

2- Chapman S. 1968 (Auroral Science, 1600 To 1965, Towards its Golden Age), Auroral Science, Atmospheric Emission, NATO Advanced Study Institute, Norway, Edt. By Billy M. McCormac, Reinhold Book Cor. New York, pp 25.

3- Sarries, E. T., S.M. Krimigis and T.P. Armstrong, March 1976 Observation of a High-Energy Ion Shock Spike in Interplanetary Space, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 3, No. 3

4- Hultqvist 1967 (Aurora) Physics of Geomagnetic Phenomena Vol.II, Edit. By S. Matsushita and Wallace H. Campbell, Academic Press, New York.

5- Chamberlin, Joseph W. 1961 Physics of the Aurora and Airglow, Acadamic Press, New York.

6- Akasofu, Syun-Ichi, December 1965, The Aurora, Atmospheric Phenomena, Reading from Scientific America 1980, Introduced by David K. Lynch, W.H. Freeman and Company.

7- Jupiter aurora at:


8- Jacques and Janine Vallee 1966 Challenge to Science: The UFO Enigma, Ballantine Books, New York.

9- Glick, James March 29, 1999 Albert Einstein, Time, Vol. 153 No 12. Time Inc. New York.

10- Loder III, Theodore C. February 5, 2003, "Implications of Outside-the-Box Technologies on Future Space Exploration and Colonization" Presented at the STAIF 2003 Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, at: http://www.seaspower.com/PDF%20Documents/EPWoutofboxBrief.pdf



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